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Flawed Election Clouds Haiti's Future


By Dr. Ron Daniels

WASHINGTON (TEWire) - 1/25/11 - As I pen this article, the Electoral Commission in Haiti is still "recounting" the ballots from an ill conceived and flawed election which threatens to further impede progress towards building a new Haiti. The international community, including the United States, which is bankrolling Haiti's reconstruction, seems at a loss for how to untangle a mess caused by their insistence on pushing for elections under almost impossible circumstances.
President Rene Preval was also very eager for the elections to proceed, especially since he felt confident that millions of dollars expended on his hand-picked successor Jude Celestin and the INITE Party would ensure victory and his role as Prime Minister or defacto President in the new government (Wikileaks disclosures simply confirmed what was commonly known for months; Preval was/is eager to have a Putin-Medvedev type arrangement to maintain his hold on power). But the election proved to be a disaster, and if the incredible mess created by errors, failures and fraud is not cleaned up properly, it will have a negative effect on an already bleak situation in terms of the effort to build the new Haiti.
The election was ill conceived from the outset. In the Report from the Haiti Support Project's February 9-12, Fact Finding and Assessment Delegation, we made the following observation and recommendation: "As a practical matter, the destruction of government ministries and the loss of voter registration records for millions of Haitians will make it virtually impossible to hold inclusive, free and fair elections for the National Assembly, Senate and President as scheduled. Moreover, there is an argument to be made for galvanizing all of the nation's resources to focus on the arduous tasks of recovery and reconstruction in the months ahead. Elections, competitive 'politics as usual,' could be a major distraction from the major, immediate mission of getting the reconstruction effort off the ground. Accordingly, in the face of what is certainly a state of national emergency, the Government might be prudent to propose a formula for the creation of an Interim Government of National Reconstruction. In essence the Interim governing authority would be an inclusive body comprised of capable Ministers from various major political parties, civil society and the private sector."
Privately, some leaders on the ground conceded that under the circumstances having an election would be highly problematic. I shared these concerns with key Haiti experts and allies in the Congressional Black Caucus and urged them to devise a consensus strategy which would provide for the election to be held under more favorable conditions. Unfortunately, few people took the potential for disaster seriously. Congresswoman Maxine Waters and other members of Congress legitimately raised objections about the exclusion of Lavalas from the election process, but no one vocally raised concerns about the feasibility of holding an election in the midst of a state of emergency. Even with the outbreak of cholera, which was obviously another major complicating factor, the international community was hell bent on pressing ahead with the election.
The international community's rationale for holding an election under such adverse conditions was the need to have a "legitimately elected government" in place to move the reconstruction process forward. This was/is obviously a valid concern, particularly given the desire to maintain a governing structure consistent with the provisions of the Constitution. There were also reservations about the effectiveness of the Preval Government. But in a state of emergency which included the massive displacement of people and loss of voter registration records, I still contend that every effort should have been made to devise a formula for an interim government of national reconstruction for a period of a year to 18 months.
The decision to move forward with the elections was fraught with huge risks which materialized to essentially render this election invalid. It is clear that hundreds of thousands of displaced persons never received registration cards, and thousands more were totally uninformed or confused about where to cast their ballots. There are also credible reports of massive ballot box stuffing by various parties with Preval's INITE Party being singled out as one of the primary offenders. A restless electorate seemed determined to reject anyone closely associated with what increasingly has come to be perceived as an ineffective government. Hence, despite millions of dollars pumped into his campaign, the candidacy of Jude Celestin was plummeting as the election drew near. Prior to the ill fated vote, polls indicated that Mrs. Mirlande Manigat would likely be the leading vote getter with a battle shaping up between Compas music legend Michel "Sweet Mickey" Martelly and Jude Celestin for second place. With virtually all the candidates suspicious that a "fix" was on, it was predictable that all hell would break loose when the Electoral Commission initially announced that Celestin had edged out Martelly by one percentage point to face Mrs. Manigat in a run-off. Indeed, even before the results were announced, twelve of the sixteen presidential candidates including Manigat and Martelly called a press conference to declare the election null and void alleging widespread voter fraud (Manigat and Martelly later changed their tune when it appeared the results might show them as the leading candidates). Once the results were announced, violence erupted across the country sending Haiti spiraling into yet another political crisis.
My advice is not likely to be heeded, but it is still my considered judgment that the current, fractious and highly flawed election should be voided and a realistic date set for a new election with the following provisions: The Electoral Commission should be reconstituted to ensure its impartiality. There is a widespread perception that the present Commission is a tool of the Preval Government; the Lavalas political party or parties should be permitted to participate in the election. Narrowly interpreted bureaucratic rules should not be invoked to exclude legitimate political parties from the electoral process. Admitting Lavalas to the process will end an injustice that is a source of grievance and tension in the country; an extensive effort should be undertaken to ensure that every Haitian citizen who wishes to participate in the election has a proper registration card; polling places should be numerous and accessible, including in the tent communities; a massive voter education campaign should proceed the election in which citizens are informed about the location of the polling places; hundreds of international monitors should be dispatched to observe the voting and attest to the fair and open nature of the process; finally, an interim government of national reconstruction would preside over the affairs of state until a new government is elected.
I can hear the howls from the international community now over the enormous cost of redoing the election after millions were invested in the present effort. My response is that the cost of attempting to legitimize a woefully flawed election is to impose an illegitimate government on the people of Haiti in the name of saving money. The international community should admit that it was a mistake to attempt to do elections under such dire circumstances and make the correct and courageous decision to invest the additional millions required to do the elections right! We need a real not fake democracy in Haiti. Like Fannie Lou Hamer, the masses of Haitian workers, peasants, the poor, the displaced and dispossessed are "sick and tired of being sick and tired." They are the future of Haiti's democracy and development, and they deserve to have their voices heard. To do otherwise is to drastically undermine the prospects of building a new Haiti.
Dr. Ron Daniels is President of the Institute of the Black World 21st Century and Distinguished Lecturer at York College City University of New York. His articles and essays also appear on the IBW website www.ibw21.org and www.northstarnews.com . To send a message, arrange media interviews or speaking engagements, Dr. Daniels can be reached via email at info@ibw21.orgThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .


Haiti’s SOS Journalists to Seek Help from America

Trice Edney Wire Staff Report

(TEWire) - An organization of Haitian Journalists, with a goal of defending the liberty of journalists throughout the Haitian nation, is still working to organize a fund-raising event and forum at the National Press Club in Washington.

The event, first scheduled for Jan. 6, has been postponed due to time constraints and has been rescheduled for the evening of Jan. 26 or 27.

Joseph Guyler Delva, a Haitian reporter for Reuters, who leads the group, SOS Journalists, says Haitian journalists had already suffered before the Jan. 12, 2010, earthquake and are now under extreme duress following the destruction of their headquarters. Thirty journalists were killed in the earthquake and countless others were left homeless.

The event at the press club is being called “A Celebration of Haiti and Night of Solidarity with Haitian Journalists”. Expected to speak are former presidential candidate and Hip Hop Star Wyclef Jean; Haiti Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive; presidential candidate and Haitian Kompa Star Michel Martelly; government Director of Investments Guy Lamothe; SOS President Delva; and star Haitian journalist Marcus Garcia. The event is also slated to feature performances by Haitian music stars Sweet Micky, Michael Benjamin and Azor.

According to literature distributed by the group, “Twelve Haitian journalists have been assassinated since 2000, demonstrating the real risk Haitian journalists face in their work … Journalists have faced arbitrary arrest, kidnapping and political pressure. In addition to crises, the daily life of journalists in Haiti is exceedingly trying. The average monthly salary of journalists is $150 (US), a barely livable rate.” The statement continues, “Despite these obstacles, journalists persevere to bring awareness to the population of national and international politics and social issues. Journalists are the voice of the people and play an essential role holding leaders accountable to the needs of the population. Haitians across the social sectors face incredible challenges to survive and flourish, through reporting.”


Near Total Media Blackout for Egyptian 'March of a Million'

Special to the Trice Edney News Wire from GIN

(GIN) – Images of a historic popular uprising in Egypt against the 30 year rule of autocrat Hosni Mubarak have been all but blacked out by hostile media in the U.S.

A Comcast deal to carry the Middle East news wire Al Jazeera English was scrapped in 2006 and no other U.S. cable company-approved network offers it. The world class reporting by Aljazeera can, however, be seen in Canada and in a small number of American cities in Ohio, Vermont and Washington DC. It can also be seen online at www.english.aljazeera.net

A similar blackout was taking place this week in Egypt as Pres. Mubarak pressed the telcom Vodaphone to turn off the internet, Facebook, Twitter and other social media. "We have been working round the clock to make sure we are broadcasting on alternative frequencies. Clearly there are powers that do not want our important images pushing for democracy and reform to be seen by the public," a Jazeera spokesman was quoted to say by the Reuters news agency.

According to Reuters, at least one million Egyptians took to the streets on Tuesday in scenes never before seen in the Arab nation's modern history, roaring in unison for President Hosni Mubarak and his new government to quit.

Mona Eltahawy, Egyptian-born columnist, in a radio interview, said:“I’ve never seen anything like it… Mubarak shuts down the internet, shuts down the train system, and shuts down almost the entire country and still they come,“ refering to the widening street protests .

Meanwhile, the managing editor of The Root, a popular Black website, wondered aloud at the silence of African Americans in a piece titled “Where Are the Black Voices on Egypt and Tunisia?”

“African Americans have traditionally been the conscience of the country on foreign policy issues,” wrote Root’s managing editor Joel Dreyfuss. “That's what makes the silence today so startling.”

He rebuked the Congressional Black Caucus for their hesitancy, and suggested that the role played by Gen. Colin Powell and Condoleeze Rice shifted the African American role from outsider to insider. “The result has been the diminution of an American voice that gave people abroad hope that at least some of us were sympathetic to their struggles,” he said.

But this silence may not matter much now, he continued. In Tunisia, Egypt and elsewhere, they’re on the move – with or without help from America’s political establishment.

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